a state of war exists between the Empire and Germany; the Dominion of
Canada offers assistance to one of its founding countries.
||Two trains leave
Calgary for Valcartier, Quebec, where the Canadian Expeditionary Force
will be formed. None of the 226 units of the Canadian Militia will go
overseas as formed units; instead, volunteers from across Canada will be
grouped into regionally organized numbered units of the CEF. Large
numbers of men on these two trains come from the 103rd Regiment (Calgary
provisional infantry battalions authorized for the CEF. The 10th
Battalion was listed in Camp Order 28 on this date, to be formed from the
60th Rifles of Canada (Moose Jaw), 95th Saskatchewan Rifles (Regina), 90th
Winnipeg Rifles (Winnipeg) and 99th Manitoba Rangers (Brandon).
given an allocated strength of 53 Officers and 1528 Other Ranks.
Near the headquarters of the Canadian Division
in Valcartier, September 1914.
(Library and Archives Canada photo)
||Vast numbers of
recruits compel a reorganization of the first contingent of the CEF, now
expanded to 16 battalions.
formally organized (taking this date as their official date of formation),
to include men from the 103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) and the 106th
Regiment (Winnipeg Light Infantry).
Battalion is among the last of the battalions to be formed; all "leftover"
men not assigned to other units put into the Tenth regardless of their
unit of origin. By early 1915, the provisional strength of almost 1600
men would be pared down to 1124 Officers and Other Ranks.
on British lines; only three of the four brigades being formed would be
used as line units, the fourth brigade is to be used as a reinforcement
depot. The 10th Battalion, originally part of the 3rd Brigade, is
dropped from the list of units to be employed at the front when the entire
3rd Brigade is renumbered as the 4th Brigade.
Lambert Boyle assumes command of the 10th Battalion, replacing Lieutenant
Colonel John Grant Rattray.
departs Valcartier for Quebec City and embarks on the Scandinavian,
1094 officers and men strong.
Canadian soldiers in Valcartier in 1914
looking every bit like a 19th Century army, wearing pith helmets and in
some cases, the kilt. Nearly all the equipment and clothing that was
issued to them would eventually be replaced by hardier British materiel in
the war zone, though the controversial Ross Rifle would soldier in the
trenches for many months until finally replaced. (Library and Archives
sets sail as part of the largest armed force to cross the Atlantic Ocean
in history to that time. Thirty-two transports are escorted by four
arrives at Plymouth in the United Kingdom.
departs Plymouth for Salisbury Plain. This is also the first date for
which the Battalion War Diary has an entry.
||The first full
day of training on the Plain; of the next 123 days, rain would fall on 89
inspected by Field Marshal Lord Roberts
reorganized into four companies rather than eight. The battalion would
change back to eight on orders from the British War Office in December and
in January 1915 back to four again.
inspected by His Majesty King George V, Her Majesty Queen Mary, and Field
Marshal Lord Roberts