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Click picture for info on Battlefield Pilgrimage 2015


 

 

Current Awards:  Victoria Cross OMM/MMM MSM (Cdn) MiD    
Former Awards: Imp.Honours & Foreign DSO MC DCM MSM (Brit) MM 
Service Awards: United Nations NATO Foreign Volunteer Long  
Commemoratives: Confederation Jubilee Provincial      
midoakleaf.gif (2013 bytes) Mention in Despatches

 
Throughout the history of the British Army, commanders in the field wrote back to higher authority to keep them informed - these messages were known as "despatches" and informed the higher authority - the Monarch or other superior officer - of the progress of their campaigns.   These messages also mentioned officers and soldiers who had carried out specific acts of gallantry or periods of distinguished service. To be so mentioned was to have been "Mentioned in Despatches." Initially, only formation commanders, unit commanders, and senior staff officers were recognized in this manner.

From the 1840s, non-commissioned officers also began to be recognized. The despatches were routinely published in the London Gazette, sometimes as simple lists of names, other times with more detailed descriptions of the actions being recognized. However, up to the Great War, being mentioned in a despatch did not result in the officer or soldier receiving any visible mark or certificate to show that he had been mentioned, and the mention itself was considered the honour.

While a Mention in Despatches had often been used to provide the basis for the award of higher honours in conflicts dating back to the Crimea, by 1918 so many men had been Mentioned in Despatches that it was felt a more tangible sign of recognition was in order. After he Armistice in November 1918 it was therefore decided to issue a small bronze insignia consisting of a branch of oak leaves to any officer or soldier who had been so mentioned.  After the Victory Medal was issued, the bronze oak leaves of the Mention in Despatches were worn on the ribbon of that medal. Some 5,500 Canadians had been Mentioned in Despatches in the First World War.

By the time of the Second World War, this method of recognition was still in place, though the leaves had been modified to a single oak leaf.  As the war went on, Mentions in Despatches could be given out for a variety of reasons.  If a soldier was nominated for a medal, but higher authority felt that the deeds he performed were not up to the standards expected for that medal, he might be granted a Mention in Despatches instead.   Other situations arose where "periodic awards" were granted on a quota basis.  Commanders would then put forward names of soldiers they felt worthy (again, perhaps those soldiers refused bravery medals from earlier dates may have been considered for Mentions in Despatches in this manner).

At war's end, a cut-off date was put in place for awards, and many units polled their field officers for names of deserving recipients.   For this reason, there are often no accompanying citations for Mentions in Despatches, some 10,000 of which had been made between 1939 and 1945.

Mentions in Despatches during the Second World War were signified by wearing the oak leaf on the ribbon of the 1939-45 War Medal. Another 279 were made in Korea.

The Mention in Despatches fell into disuse under the modern Canadian Honours system instituted in the late 1960s, but was revived as the Canadian Mention in Despatches in 1990 as a national honour awarded on behalf of the reigning monarch. Recipient's names are published in the Canada Gazette, and the bronze oak leaf is worn on the appropriate campaign or service medal. According to the Department of National Defence:

As of 10 February 2010, 277 Canadians have been Mentioned in Dispatches since 1990.  Although it is not an actual decoration or medal, the MID is a very significant recognition, because it is a national honour, emanating from the Head of State but perhaps more importantly, because its eligibility is limited to operational service in the field.  It is in many ways like a junior version of the Military Valour Decorations and this direct relation to combat in active operations gives this honour all of its prestige.

Shaded entries indicate posthumous awards.  Asterisks (*) are explained below the tables.

ribbon1418.gif (2118 bytes) First World War 1914-1918
Service Number Rank Name Date of Action Location of Action / Notes
  Lieutenant Colonel Boyle, Russell Lambert   Died of Wounds 25 Apr 1915
  Lieutenant Colonel MacDonald, Eric Three separate awards  
  Lieutenant Colonel Ormond, Dan Two separate awards  
  Lieutenant Colonel Rattray, J.G. **  
  Major Ashton, E.J.    
  Major Bingham, William    
  Major Critchley, Walter    
  Major George, FitzRoy    
  Major MacDonald, Eric    
  Major MacLean, Archibald *  
  Major MacLaren, Joseph    
  Major Simpson, Joseph    
  Major Sparling, Walt    
  Major Thomson, Alexander    
  Major Walker, Phil **  
  Captain Arthur, Geoff    
  Captain Black, David    
  Captain Burbridge, Geoff    
  Captain Costigan, Charles Telford Two separate awards
minidso.gif (845 bytes) minimc.gif (849 bytes)
Also awarded the DSO and MC
Died 11 November 1917
  Captain Craggs, George    
  Captain Ferguson, Hugh    
  Captain Miller, Jack    
  Captain Mitchell, William    
  Captain Robinson, Charles    
  Captain Thompson, William    
  Captain Virgo, Gordon    
  Lieutenant Feurt, Ralph    
  Lieutenant Greer, Byron    
  Lieutenant Graham, Gordon Two separate awards  
  Lieutenant Kent, Stanley    
  Lieutenant MacEachern, Norman Two separate awards  
  Lieutenant Rutherford, Thomas    
  Lieutenant Robertson, Stanley    
  Lieutenant Trimmer, Alfred    
  Lieutenant Younger, Lewis    
  Company Sergeant Major Baker, Herbert *  
  Company Sergeant Major McCandie, David    
  Company Sergeant Major Rayfield, Edmond *  
  Company Sergeant Major Toole, Archie    
  Sergeant Alderton, Walter *  
  Sergeant Budd, Arnold    
  Sergeant Burns, Robert    
  Sergeant Courtney, Arthur    
  Sergeant Cox, Sydney    
  Sergeant Duff, James    
  Sergeant Harrison, James *  
  Sergeant Higgins, Clyde *  
  Sergeant Jarvis, Herbert    
  Sergeant Martin, Arthur *  
  Sergeant Milne, Edward    
  Sergeant Morrison, Charles    
  Sergeant Pitman, Ernest    
  Sergeant Waller, Richard    
  Sergeant Wilson, M    
  Lance Sergeant Palmer, John    
  Corporal Baker, William    
  Corporal Brook, John    
  Corporal Brookes, Ralph    
  Corporal Dale, Thomas    
  Corporal Evans, Victor    
  Corporal Hogg, James *  
  Corporal Menzies, William *  
  Corporal O'Rourke, David    
19910 Corporal Ross, Thomas minidcm.gif (847 bytes) Died 3 Aug 1915
Also awarded the DCM
  Corporal Schultz, Samuel    
20378 Corporal Smith, Horatio Roy   Died 26 Sep 1916
  Corporal Smith, Ray Two separate awards  
  Corporal Underwood, Arthur    
19616 Lance Corporal Allan, George minidcm.gif (847 bytes) Died 23 Apr 1915
Also awarded the DCM
  Lance Corporal Browne, Ralph *  
  Lance Corporal King, William    
  Private Baxter, Thomas *  
  Private Bell, Thomas *  
  Private Bloxham, Charles    
  Private Butterworth, Harold *  
  Private Cox, Frank    
  Private Cutter, Charles *  
  Private Fitzgibbons, Gerald *  
  Private Harrison, Richard    
  Private Morrison, Thomas *  
  Private Sixby, Frank    
18402 Private Tinkess, Albert James * Died 18 Aug 1917
  Private Zuidema, Louis    

* = "Brought to notice of Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered."


ribbon3945waroakleaf.gif (1709 bytes) Second World War 1939-1945
Service Number Rank Name Date of Action Location of Action / Notes Link to Award Doc
NA Major Tennant, Mark  

Awarded as per Canada Gazette dated 9 March 1946 and CARO/6431 dated 8 March 1946.

Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)

NA

Lieutenant

Kilpatrick, Vernon Francis

July 1944

Killed In Action July 1944
Award made Feb 1945

Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)

NA

Lieutenant

Ross, Robert Whitla

 

31 Mar 1945

Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)

M10712

Warrant Officer II Class

Larson, Harold Omar  

Awarded 23 June 1945

Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)

M11342 Sergeant Lyster, William Leslie ("Bill") 19 Aug 1942 Dieppe, France Link to award document
M10762 Sergeant Pittaway, Bertram ("Bert") 19 Aug 1942 Dieppe, France Link to award document
M11617 Corporal MacIver, Donald Terry   Awarded 3 Feb 1945 Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)
K48240 Private Kessler, Dewart Bowyer   Awarded 3 Feb 1945 Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)
M107139 Private Middlemiss, Edgar Francis   Listed in one source as a Queen's Own Cameron Highlander.  Award made 3 Feb 1945.  Service number is from Alberta. Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)
M31028 Private Kublick, Ferdinand   Awarded 23 June 1945
Also received the Commander-in-Chief's Certificate for Gallantry.
Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)
K49288 Private Patriquin, Clarence Gorley   Awarded 31 March 1945
Also awarded the Military Medal.
Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)
F32491 Private Sampson, Alonzo Joseph  

Awarded March 1946

Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)

M12024 Private Stokke, Einar  

Awarded posthumously; Private Stokke was later discovered to be a prisoner of war in Germany.

Link to award document
(file no. only - document not online)


Afghanistan

Rank Name Date of Action Location of Action / Notes
Major Cox, Simon 28 July 2008

Citation: "On July 28th 2008, the lead element of a joint Canadian-Afghan patrol was pinned down by insurgents in Zhari District, Afghanistan.  With the squad in danger of becoming encircled, Major Cox, then Captain, moved through intense enemy fire to reinforce the isolated Afghans.  Despite fierce enemy resistance, he persistently continued forward, returning a heavy volume of fire to suppress the insurgent position.  Major Cox's courage and selflessness prevented the patrol from being surrounded by a numerically superior enemy."


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