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The Distinctive Environmental Uniform (DEU) Jacket

Pattern

The current issue Distinctive Environmental Uniform (DEU) Jacket has been standard issue since the late 1980s, replacing the older pattern Canadian Forces (CF) Jacket adopted after Unification of the services in the 1960s.  The older pattern CF Jacket had no shoulder straps and was of a different material, though the colour - officially known as "CF Green" - has remained the same.  The older jacket was often referred to as a "CF Cutaway" and that older term is sometimes applied to the DEU Jacket as worn by the Regiment.  CF Dress Regulations also refer to this garment as a "Jacket, service dress."

A "Cutaway" is a jacket tailored specifically for Highland Regiments.  The rear vent is sewn shut, and vents are opened up on each side of the jacket skirt.  The other, more noticeable, modification is the rounding off of the front of the jacket skirts to accommodate the sporran. 

The proper pattern cutaway jacket for the Calgary Highlanders is a three button front design.  The Regimental Quartermaster arranges for all DEU Jackets to be tailored.

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Maintenance

The DEU Jacket should always be Dry Cleaned, never washed.  It is advisable to have it cleaned just before every engagement in which it is to be worn.  The jacket should be pressed, with the sleeves roll pressed (no creases).  Before going on parade, use a lint brush or back to back tape to remove any lint or foreign particles from the jacket; the dark colour makes such things as pet hair and lint stand out and this will be picked up on during inspections.  Loose threads should be trimmed or burned off.

The pockets on the DEU jacket will always be secured, with the button as well as the small snaps on each corner of the pocket flap.   If the stitching comes undone on the snaps, they need to be resewn on, carefully, with no visible threads.  There will be a small snap on the bottom of the front fastening also, this will be done up at all times also.  Care should be taken that the lower pocket flaps don't get tucked into the pocket.


Buttons

Regimental buttons must be purchased through the unit kit shop.  A full set of buttons for the DEU consists of four small and three medium buttons.  The jacket has holes to accept the pocket and front buttons, and may be secured with split ring fasteners.  The shoulder strap buttons should be very securely sewn onto the uniform, in a position that will ensure the shoulder straps sit flat against the uniform.

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All ranks of the Calgary Highlanders wear silver coloured buttons, with the exception of the RSM, Pipe Major and Drum Major who may wear gold.  The current pattern shows the St. Andrew's Cross, with a beaver on a log in the centre.

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The buttons should be attached to the uniform such that the log is underneath the beaver and parallel to the ground.  On the shoulder straps, the log should be positioned as at right, running parallel to the front edge of the shoulder strap.   The buttons do not come in "lefts" and "rights" and the beaver will always be facing to the left, as viewed from the front.

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Collar Badges

All ranks either employed in, or qualified in, the Infantry trade will wear Regimental collar badges (also referred to as "collar dogs".  These badges come in "lefts" and "rights", with the beaver reversed on the right-side collar dog.  When worn on the uniform, the beavers on the collar badges should be facing inwards, or "looking" at each other.

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Wearer's Right Wearer's Left

The correct pattern collar badge is worn in silver for officers, senior NCOs, pipers and drummers, and in bronze for junior non-commissioned members.  The RSM, Pipe Major, and Drum Major are permitted to wear gold collar badges.  The collar badges also exist in anodized yellow metal for the use of the affiliated Cadet Corps.  The badge is identical to the cap badge, with the exception of the scrolls, which instead of bearing thistles, bear the inscription FIRST BATTn and 10TH CANADIANS.

Tradesmen and officers not qualified in the Infantry trade will wear the collar badges of their respective Branch (ie EME, Logistics, Medical, Communications, etc.)

The proper placement of the collar badges on the lapel of the tunic is shown at right.  Appendix 2, Annex D, Chapter 3 of the Canadian Forces Dress Regulations state:

POSITIONING OF COLLAR BADGES

SERVICE DRESS JACKET (DEU) - Centred on the stitching of the collar/lapel seam with the base of the badge parallel to the ground and with the collar/lapel seam passing diagonally under the centre of the collar badge.

An easy guide to proper placement is to have the arm of the St. Andrew's Cross run parallel to the collar/lapel seam.

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Name Badges

Name badges (or "nametags") are issued free of charge, though the standard pattern is also easily purchased at shopping mall engraving outlets.  The standard pattern is in black plastic with white bevelled edge and white letters.  As per CF Dress Regulations, the badge is worn centred over the wearer's right breast pocket, running parallel to the top of the pocket as shown at right.   The bottom of the name badge should be just touching the top of the pocket flap seam.


Command Badge

The Land Force Command Badge shall be worn as ordered, centred on the wearer's right breast pocket.  The badge is centred horizontally in the middle of the box pleat, and vertically from the bottom of the pocket flap to the bottom of the pocket seam.

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National Badges

All Army personnel will wear the CANADA badge, in yellow-gold embroidery on a CF Green background.  Regulations state that this badge will be worn on both upper arms, with the badge centred, the top of the badge being 2.5 cm (1 inch) from the shoulder seam of the Jacket.


Formation Badges

All ranks of the Calgary Highlanders will wear the Formation Badge of 41 Canadian Brigade Group.  As per CF Dress Regulations, this badge is worn on the right sleeve of the DEU Jacket, with the top of the badge 7 cm (2-3/4 inches) from the top of the sleeve.


Unit Titles

All ranks of the Calgary Highlanders will wear the Oak Leaf shoulder badge on each shoulder strap.  CF Dress Regulations state that "When approved and authorized for wear, titles shall be affixed to each shoulder strap so that the lowest point(s) of the title shall touch the seam where the strap is felled into the shoulder."  

Regimental dress regulations state that the Oak Leaf badges are issued in "rights" and "lefts".  When worn properly, the acorn on the badge will be to the wearer's front.

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Wearer's Left Shoulder Wearer's Right Shoulder

Medal Ribbons

Soldiers will normally be advised whether Medals or Ribbons are to be worn with the DEU for each particular occasion.  Medals and medal ribbons are each worn in sequence according to the order of precedence for those awards.

a) Undress ribbons of orders, decorations and medals shall normally be sewn but may be placed on a detachable ribbon bar and pinned, on the (wearer's) left breast of the service dress jacket...Ribbons shall be worn in order of precedence from right to left of the wearer, with the senior ribbon closest to the centre of the chest on the top or only row.  Where a single ribbon constitutes a row, it shall be worn centred above a lower row, or when worn as a single ribbon, centred on the garment....

b) Ribbon rows shall not be worn more than 0.3 cm (1/8 inch) apart

c) The number of ribbons worn in a single row is governed by the physique of the individual and the type of garment being worn.  
    1) ribbons shall not be fully obscured by the lapel of the garment
    2) up to four ribbons may be worn in a single row on authorized Army jackets
    3) n/a
    4) n/a
    5) ribbons shall not be arranged in more rows than are necessary to comply with these instructions
    6) where more than one row of ribbons is worn, no row shall contain fewer ribbons than the row above
    7) when more than one row of ribbons is worn, a single ribbon shall not be worn as a lower row,
    8) succeeding rows shall, without fully obscuring any ribbon, be centred above the lower row, and,
    9) standard arrangements by row(s) are illustrated below

d) Where a device such as a miniature cross, an oak leaf, a rosette or maple leaf, or a United Nations tour numeral is appropriate for wear on an undress ribbon, it shall be centred on the ribbon.  Where there is more than one, they shall be evenly spaced across the ribbon with the senior device on the wearer's right.

UNDRESS RIBBON ROWS on the DEU Jacket
(note - these regulations are different for shirt sleeve order)

4 Ribbons (preferred)

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4 Ribbons (alternate)

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5 Ribbons

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6 Ribbons (preferred)

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6 Ribbons (alternate)

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Decorations and Medals

(1) Decorations and medals shall be worn either loose or court mounted, suspended from the left breast of the service dress jacket, immediately above and centred to conceal undress ribbons.  The length from the top of the medal bar suspender to the bottom edge of the medals shall be 10 cm (4 inches).

(2) Bars indicating a second award of a decoration or enlarging on the recognition granted by a medal shall be positioned midway between the top and bottom ends of the ribbon.  Bars for a few awards are manufactured to grasp the hanger of the medal or a previous bar.  In either case where there is more than one bar, they shall be evenly or sequentially spaced on the ribbon in the order earned, the one first being earned being nearest the medal.

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Swing Mounted, 1 Bar

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Court Mounted, 2 Bars


Occupation Badges

Occupation Badges (also known as "trades badges") are worn by qualified soldiers ranked Sergeant and below, on the right forearm of the DEU Jacket.  The badge is centred, with the bottom edge of the badge 12 cm (4-3/4 inches) from the bottom edge of the sleeve.

If a soldier has qualified for more than one Occupation Badge, they are to wear the badge of the trade they are currently employed in.  For example, if a soldier has qualified as a Recce Patrolman, they may wear the Occupation Badge for that qualification only if currently employed in a Recce Det.   Otherwise, they will wear the basic Infantry Occupation Badge.

The Occupation Badges are issued out for, in most cases, four levels of achievement - Level 1, Level 2, Level 3 and Level 4.  As shown below, Level 1 is the basic badge, Level 2 the badge with wreath, Level 3 the badge with crown, and Level 4 the badge with crown and wreath.

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Marksmanship Badges


Parachute Qualification Badges


Insignia of the Commander in Chief's Unit Commendation

Officially, the Commander-in-Chief (CinC) Unit Commendation is awarded to any unit or sub-unit of the Canadian Forces (or other unit serving with or in conjunction with the CF) that has "performed an extraordinary deed or activity of a rare high standard in extremely hazardous circumstances."

The insignia for the CinC Unit Commendation is a gold bar with the Vice-Regal lion in full colour.  This insignia is worn on the uniform in accordance with A-AD-265-000/AG-001, CF Dress Instructions. The insignia shall be worn for life by members of the unit, or attached to the unit, on duty and directly involved in the activity for which the CinC Unit Commendation was awarded.   Individuals posted to the unit subsequent to the award of the CinC Unit Commendation shall wear the insignia only for as long as they are on strength of the unit.

The Calgary Highlanders have not been awarded this Commendation, however, more than two dozen Calgary Highlanders serving with 2 PPCLI during the Medak Pocket fighting were made eligible for the award.   As well, any member serving in a unit for which the commendation was awarded is still eligible to wear the award if subsequently transferred into the Calgary Highlanders.

The insignia is worn centred on the (wearer's) left breast pocket.

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